Tihar is a five day long festival which is celebrated in the Hindu community. It occurs soon after the Dashain festival. Tihar signifies the festival of lights and Flowers. The first day of this festival is Kaag Tihar (Festival of Crow). People offer to have dishes of food on their roof. In this festival crows are the symbol of information. The second day of Tihar is called Kukur Tihar (Festival of Dog). On this day people worships the dog and offers delicious foods. Which are believed to be messengers of Lord Yamaraj, the God of Death. The third day of Tihar is Gai tihar and Laxmi Puja. In ancient times people benefitted a lot from the cow. Its milk, dung and even urine was used for different purposes like purification. In the morning people worship cow’s by putting on Tika and Garland . In the evening people do Deepawali by lighting and flowering and in the midnight. People worship the Lord of Wealth Laxmi. In this night women sing a song called Bhailo in the villages. The Bhailini gives blessings to the home owners and they have to gives Dakshina (amount of money) to the Bhailini.
The Fourth day of tihar is called Gobardhan Puja. On this day people worship the Oxen. Ox is specially used to plough the field. And in the night, men used to play Deusi in the villagers homes. Deusire gives blessing to the homeowners and homeowners give Dakshina to the Deusire. The last day of Tihar is Bhai Tika. Sisters applying tika to the foreheads of their brothers to ensure a long life and thank them for the protection they provide. It is believed that Yamraj, the God of Death, visited his sister, Goddess Yamuna. That day Yamraj announced that anyone who receives tilak from his sister will never die on that day.
Highest access: 1600m/5249ft
Duration: 08 Days
Group Size: 01-10 persons per Group.
Co-ordinates: 28.3150° N, 83.8458° E
Airport: TIA (Kathmandu)
Departure From: Kathmandu
Accommodation: Three star to five star as request
Meals: Breakfast during Pokhara and Kathmandu
Transportation: Private Car/Tourist bus/Flights
Best season: October-November
Major Activity: Festival Tour
Include Activity: Hiking
Culture: Brahmin, Chettri
Mode of Travel: Tea house
Himalayan sights: Annapurna, Fishtail, Dhaulagiri
27 Oct/Day 01: Arrival in Kathmandu Airport and transfer to Yak and Yeti hotel accommodation in Kathmandu (1350M/4430ft)
28 Oct/Day 02: One hour mountain flights in Early in the morning. You can see the view of 13 snowy capped Mountains over 8000 meters and one hundred peaks over 6000 meters. The first day of the festival is called Kaag Tihar or Kwah Puja (worship of the corvids) Crows and ravens are worshiped by offerings of sweets and dishes placed on the roofs of houses. The cawing of crows and ravens symbolizes sadness and grief in Hinduism, so devotees offer crows and ravens food to avert grief and death in their homes. Tihar among Gorkhas represents the divine attachment between humans and other animals. So you will be traveling for see the worship in local village. Then you will have sightseeing around Kathmandu valley some UNESCO world Heritage Sites. Pashupatinath, Boudhanath, Swoyambhunath. Overnight at same Hotel accommodation.
29 Oct/Day 03: Today is the second festival day of Tihar (Deepawali). The second day is called Kukur Tihar or Khichā Pujā (worship of the dogs). Dogs, which are believed to be messengers of Lord Yamaraj, the God of Death, are worshiped once each year on this day. People offer garlands, tikas, Malas and delicious food to dogs and acknowledge the cherished relationship between humans and dogs. This day is also observed as Narka Chaturdashi. After lunch fly from Kathmandu to Pokhara (915m/3002ft.) which takes about 25 minutes by flight. Boating in the Phewa Lake after dinner watch the Deepawali festival, enjoy the Deusi and Bhailo songs and Dance at Lakeside town. Overnight at Hotel accommodation.
30 Oct/Day04: The morning of third day is Gai Tihar (worship of the cow). In Hinduism, cow signifies prosperity and wealth. In ancient times people benefited a lot from the cow. Its milk, dung, even urine was used for purposes like purification. Thus, on this day people show their gratefulness to the cow by garlanding and feeding them with the best grass. Houses are cleaned and the doorways and windows are decorated with garlands made of sayapatri (marigolds) and makhamali (chrysanthemums) flowers.
In the evening Laxmi, the goddess of wealth is thanked for all the benefits that were bestowed on the families by lighting oil lamps (Diyo) or candles on doorways and windows to welcome prosperity and well being. At night the girls enjoy dancing and visiting all the houses of the neighborhood with musical instruments singing and dancing known as Bhailo all night long collecting money as tip from houses and share the bounty amongst themselves.
From the third day onward tihar is celebrated with Deusi and Bhailo with light and fireworks. Deusi is mostly sung by the boys while the Bhailo is sung by the girls. Deusi is balladic and tells the story of the festival, with one person narrating and the rest as the chorus. In return the home owners give them money, fruit and selroti (a Nepali roundel made of rice flour and sugar). Nowadays social workers, politician, and young people visit local homes, sing these songs, and collect funds for welfare and social activities. So today you will be exploring around Davids Falls, Mountain museum, Peace pagoda, explore around Phewa Lake. Overnight at hotel accommodation.
31 Oct/Day 05: Early in the morning you will be enjoy and explore World peace pagoda. After breakfast you will be taking for half an hour’s paragliding up to the sarangkot. On the fourth day of Tihar, there are three different known pujas, depending on the people's cultural background. It is observed as Goru Tihar or Goru Puja (worship of the oxen). People who follow Vaishnavism perform Govardhan Puja, which is worship towards Goverdhan Mountain. Cow dung is taken as representative of the mountain and is worshiped. This day is seen as the beginning of the new Nepal Sambat calendar year. In the Morning you will enjoy the Annapurna, fish tail and Dhaulagiri and many more peaks. After Lunch you will be driving to Naudanda (1025m/3363ft, 03hrs) overnight at typical Nepali house to celebrate the final festival day.
01 Nov/Day 06: Today you will be celebrating this festival with Nepali family. The fifth and last day of Tihar is called Bhai Tika or Kija Puja. It is observed by sisters applying tika to the foreheads of their brothers to ensure long life and thank them for the protection they provide. It is believed that Yamraj, the God of Death, visited his sister, Goddess Yamuna, on this day during which she applied the auspicious tika on his forehead, garlanded him and fed him special dishes. Together, they ate sweets, talked and enjoyed themselves to their hearts' content. Upon parting, Yamraj gave Yamuna a special gift as a token of his affection and, in return, Yamuna gave him a lovely gift which she had made with her own hands. That day Yamraj announced that anyone who receives tilak from his sister will never die on that day.
Sisters make a special garland for their brothers from a flower that wilts only after a couple of months, symbolizing the sister's prayer for her brother's long life. Brothers sit on the floor while their sisters perform their puja. The puja follows a traditional ritual in which sisters circle brothers, dripping oil on the floor from a copper pitcher and applying oil to their brother's hair, following which a seven-color tika is applied on the brother's forehead. Next, brothers give tikas to their sisters in the same fashion with an exchange of gifts. This ritual is practiced regardless of whether the brother is younger or older than the sister. Those without a sister or brother join relatives or friends for tika. This festival strengthens the close relationship between brothers and sisters. Return back to Pokhara and Flight to Kathmandu for Overnight. Farewell dinner with culture program In the Evening where you can watch again the singing and dancing program. Yak and Yeti Hotel accommodation.
02 Nov/Day 07: Drop to airport for final departure, or alternatively join other programs.
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