Climbing Sherpa Guide for Everest

A Climbing Sherpa Guide is the most essential element for your safe and successful Everest climb.  Climbing Sherpa Guides provide essential functions, such as opening routes to climbers (especially through the Khumbu Icefall above Everest Base Camp), fixing lines, and managing tents and provisions in high altitude. Without these functions, a successful summit of Everest would be near impossible. Mingma-Climbing-guide-in-Nepal

Mountaineers know the value of a Climbing Sherpa Guide in the Himalayas. However, many beginner mountaineers and visitors who have never been to the Himalayan region may not fully appreciate the difference between a “guide” as the term is used generally and a “Sherpa Guide” (also referred to as a “Climbing Sherpa Guide). A “guide” may be commonly defined as: “A person who advises or shows the way to others; a thing that helps someone to form an opinion or make a decision or calculation.”

Although a Sherpa Guide is all of this, he is much more. The Sherpa are an ethnic group in Nepal who live north east in the mid mountainous region. Most have a surname of “Sherpa.” When climbers started climbing the high mountains of the Himalayas, they first hired Nepali people to support their journeys. But it quickly became apparent that the Sherpa people possessed a particular strength and skill vital to greater success and safety in the mountains. For one thing, the Sherpa people do not suffer from high altitude sickness like other peoples not as accustomed to mountain living and were a very courageous people ready for challenging adventures. The Sherpa people also had the same characteristics of honesty, responsibility and trustworthiness common to other Nepali peoples.

climbing-sherpa-for-everest

Over time, foreign climbers began to train the Sherpa people, who were also very open to learning English and pursuing additional training in mountaineering. After a few years of experience, these people began to work as guides, sharing their culture, tradition, history and education about the mountains with their foreign counterparts. Further, many climbers have found that local Sherpa people can accurately predict the wind, snow and temperature from the clouds. After a time, mountaineers and climbers began to refer to this special class of guides as “Sherpa Guides.”

As an historical aside, in 1960, as tension with China increased, the Nepali government influenced the Sherpa people to grow.  In 1976, Khumbu became a national park and tourism became a major economic force.

Today, our climbing guides are professionals who are trained and assessed either via the International Federation of Mountain Guides Associations (IFMGA) resulting in a greater repertoire of skills that enables them to provide a dedicated level of security to climbers during their expeditions. Alternatively or in addition to this experience, climbing guides have many years of mountaineering experiences on the world’s biggest peaks. Our guides are experienced in both advanced and basic rescue courses and all have a minimum of three years’ guiding on Everest, Makalu and Manaslu.

Everest-expedition-Sherpa

When climbers arrive at Everest Base Camp (EBC), our Base Camp staff and Climbing Sherpa Guides will have everything prepared so that climbers may immediately rest and focus on proper acclimation efforts. After leading all expedition teams through a Pooja ceremony for their safe and successful climbs, the Sherpa Guides will open the route and establish Camp 1. Once ready to attempt it, climbers will be taken to Camp 1 to acclimate, where climbers will remain for 1 or 2 nights depending on physical fitness and speed of acclimation. Climbers will eventually move to Camp 2 and descend back to EBC. Passage through the Khumbu is necessary during these acclimation hikes and our lead Sherpa Guide, Sirdar, will train climbers through the Khumbu for use and advanced technique of safety procedures, ice axes, crampons, descending fixed lines and crossing ladders through the ice fall.

During these times, our high altitude Sherpa Guide will supply gear, equipment and food at Camp 2. Similar acclimation hikes up to Camp 2 will follow and, depending on weather conditions and other factors, climbers may spend 1 or 2 nights at Camp 2 before returning to EBC via Camp 1. During rest and time at base camp, a group of our Sherpa guides will continue to open routes, fix and provision camps and fixed lines for preparation toward the summit push.

After Camps 1, 2 and 3 acclimations, our Climbing Sherpa Guide will monitor weather forecast, group fitness and recovery conditions. If all factors are in line, the summit push will commence. On the summit push, you will move through Camp 1, Camp 2, Camp 3 and finally to Camp 4 before moving to the summit. At Camp 4 (South Col) you will wake up and begin to prepare for the summit push. Beginning at Camp 3 and on to the summit push, each client will have their own Climbing Sherpa Guide so that climbers may proceed at their own pace. The Sherpa Guide will carry two extra oxygen bottles for the climber and for himself and climbers are required to carry only drinking water, extra gloves, energy foods, a camera and the oxygen bottle that is in use. The Sherpa Guide will of course always and especially during this stage be responsible for the inevitable difficulties faced in high altitude.

If climbers are forced to return to EBC for any reason before the summit push (such as poor weather, insufficient group physical fitness or accident), a retry will be attempted by interested climbers in the event a window of weather is available. However, the “retry” is not generally needed.

everest-climbing-sherpaFollowing the climb, the Sherpa Guides clean camps and areas above EBC by bringing all all equipment, trash and empty oxygen bottles back to EBC.

Clearly, the Sherpa Guides make the lives of foreign climbers more secure and pleasant. They are a happy and easy going people who take great pride in their mountaineering heritage.

 

 

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Best time to visit Nepal

Nepal is one of the world’s incomparable trekking and mountaineering destinations. The country is well known for its endless six, seven and eight thousand peaks. However, there is much more to Nepal than just trekking and mountaineering. “Nepal for all seasons” is a special slogan in Nepal; Nepalese cultural visits, pilgrims, spiritual retreats, yoga immersions, world heritage sites, white water rafting, short hikes, bungee jumping, paragliding and bird watching are a small selection of popular and common activities enjoyed year round by visitors to Nepal. The country’s spiritual history is world famous and, whatever the reason for travel to Nepal, visitors often leave the country describing their visit as enriching and meaningful. A majority of the Nepalese people is Hindus and there are many festivals occurring at many times throughout the year. (more…)

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Top 10 Popular Trekking Trails in Nepal

Nepal is one of the world’s preeminent trekking destinations. Everything from flatlands to undulating hills to – of course – mountainous terrain can be found in this spectacularly diverse and rewarding country. There are 1,310 mountains above 6,000 meters including eight of the world’s fourteen 8,000 meter peaks, 238 which are open for business. Tourists may reach a wide array of peaks, base camps, high camps and glaciers via trekking, driving and flying, and be rewarded with vast and breathtaking scenery including mountain summits, lakes, caves, waterfalls and so many more forms of natural beauty. Treks may be as short as one day or as long as 165 days, supporting an adventurous life for travelers around the world, and for all tastes, whether that is for those seeking mountain summits or those more interested in cultural visits.

Satori Adventures & Expeditions has used its more than 20 years of tourism experience (especially trekking and mountaineering expertise including key relationships with Sherpa guides) to undertake its own in house research to determine the top 10 trekking trails in Nepal – no easy feat in a country offering endless variety and number of treks. This list of top 10 was developed based on visitors’ feedback, infrastructure of the trekking areas, number of visitors, duration of visits, categorizations of trails, and other material available to Satori through its years of expertise.

1. Manaslu Circuit Trek

Manaslu Circuit TrekManaslu Circuit is the classic trek in the Manaslu region and starts at the Budhi Gandaki River, winding for 177 kilometers (110 miles) through the narrow gorge between the Manaslu and Ganesh Himal ranges and skirts the Manaslu massif over the pass down to Annapurna. It is one of the most popular trekking trails in Nepal filled with waterfalls, white river, deep green forest, snowcapped peaks, horizons of endless color, rich culture and diverse flora and fauna. Manaslu has a unique, untouched environment with a rich biodiversity making the region one of the finest tourist destinations in Nepal, much more remote and secluded than other popular trails. At 8136 meters, Manaslu is the eighth tallest mountain in the world located in the west-central part of Nepal in an area called the Mansiri Himal.
The Manaslu Circuit begins with a seven-hour drive from Kathmandu to the village of Aright. Following Arughat, you enter a subtropical rainforest ecosystem and Gurung villages. The view from the Larkya La pass (5160m) is superb and here you will see Himal Chuli (7893m), Cheo Himal (6820m) and Himlung Himal (7126m). Manaslau Circuit is a great alternative to the Annapurna Circuit or Khumbu region trek. Here we can find 33 species of mammals including musk deer, snow leopard, three species of reptiles and 110 species of birds including golden eagle, Eurasian griffon, Himalayan griffon, blood, impeyan and kalij. The trek also offers panoramic views of the beautiful Mt. Manaslu.

2. Upper Dolpo Trek
Upper Dolpo Trek
Upper Dolpo is a wild 25-day trek in western Nepal bordering Tibet and offers beautiful views of hilly landscape and rich culture, which a challenging trek to the upper part of Dolpo. In fact, the Dolpo region is very isolated and strictly off-limits to tourism until recently. The Upper Dolpo is still under development, so camping is the best option for trekking and mountaineering trips.  More than 16 of these trails are categorized as restricted by and protected by the Government of Nepal and Departments of Immigration, only open to tourists with special permits. The Upper Dolpo is one of these restricted routes.
Upper Dolpo treks can start with a one-hour flight from Kathmandu to the village of Nepalgunj, and further from Nepalgunj to Juphal, or it can begin from the Mustang district of Kagbeni. Here the trek winds through terraced fields to the Bheri River and a narrow canyon which will lead you to a relatively larger village called Dunai. You will also cross a few high Himalayan passes and enjoy the beauty of Phoksundo Lake. Trekking this route brings you to many mountain ranges like Annapurna, Dhaulagiri and Kanjiroba.  You will also go through many passes like Kang la pass and Jeng la pass.

3. Kanchanjunga Circuit Trek
Kanchanjungha-trekking
Kanchenjunga (8,586 m) is the third highest peak in the world and the second highest mountain in Nepal. It partly lies in the Northeast corner of Nepal and is bordered by Sikkim (India) to the east and Tibet (China) to the North. Kanchenjunga was first climbed by a British expedition consisting of Joe Brown and George Band on May 25th, 1955. This trek is challenging and referred to as the boot camp trekking trail in the Himalayas.
After a 45-minute scenic flight from Kathmandu to Sukethar, the trek starts from the village of Sukethar and follows rhododendron forests to Lali-Kharka. Tourists will pass many beautiful views of villages and visit with inhabitants. Kanchenjung Conservation Area is rich in wildlife including many endangered species of birds like the Impheyan pheasant, red-billed blue magpie and shy drogue, as well as endangered species of animals like the snow leopard and red panda, and vulnerable species like the Himalayan black bear, clouded leopard, serow and assamese macaque. Kanchanjunga Conservation Area is also renowned for its three-river valley: Simbua Khola, Ghunsa and Tamur valleys.

4. Upper Mustang Trek

Upper-mustang-trekking
The Upper Mustang brings trekkers into the remote and isolated region of the Nepalese Himalaya offering awesome views of landscape and a rich Thakali cultural experience (a mix of Tibetan and Nepalese cultures). The Upper Mustang is located at the northern end of the “Mustang District” of the Dhaulagiri Zone. It was a restricted area until 1992 when the Government of Nepal released the area for tourism with a special restricted permit issued by the Immigration office.
The Upper Mustang trek begins with a 7-hour bus trip to Pokhara. After arriving in Pokhara you will then take a 25-minute scenic flight to Jomsom, the starting point of all trekking in the Upper Mustang region. A major attraction of Upper Mustang is the walled city of Lo-Manthang, which is the capital of Upper Mustang, although the entire region, hidden behind the majestic Himalayan range, is one of the most interesting and picturesque places in Nepal.

5. Everest Base Camp Trek

Everest-base-camp trek
Not only one of the best trekking routes in Nepal, the Everest Base Camp trek is one of the best and most famous trekking destinations in the world. Almost 38% of trekkers arriving to the Himalayas are attempting to reach Everest Base Camp at 5200 meters (17,598ft.). It is located in the east and is in the heart of the Khumbu Region, referred to as the high altitude epicenter of the world.
The EBC trek offers breathtaking mountain panoramas and, if you like to walk, this is certainly one of the most inspiring places in the world to do it. For those trekkers who have a short vacation window and would love to see the Himalayan nature and culture this would be the best opportunity to do it. The trek can be completed in as little as 12 or as many as 17 days. Trekkers with less than 10 days may choose to trek up to EBC and descend via helicopter to Kathmandu for an additional fee of US$600 (in addition to regular trek costs).
The EBC trek begins after a picturesque flight from Kathmandu to Lukla. Along the way you will be graced with your first scenic views of the mighty Himalayan range. From Lukla, climbers trek upward to the Sherpa capital of Namche Bazaar, then enter the valley of Dudh Koshi River surrounded by the soaring peaks of Thamserku and Kusum Kanguru. The trail leads to the famous Tengboche monestary, located high on a ridge. In addition to possibly encountering several species of birds and mammals, you will be graced with scenic views of the mighty Himalayan range, including amazing views of Everest (8848m), Lhotse-Nuptse (7,861m) and Ama Dablam (6812m).

6. Annapurna Circuit Trek

Annapurna-Circuit-trekking
The Annapurna Circuit, also known as the Throng-la Pass (5416m), is similarly considered a top trekking destination not only of Nepal, but also the world. It is a busy trek and a popular trek for tourists located in the western part of Nepal. The Annapurna region is protected by the Annapurna Conservation Area Project which encompasses 7,639 square kilometers, the first and largest conservation area of Nepal. This is a popular trek for many reasons, including a flexible trekking period, moderately difficult trekking with great mountain views and waterfalls, and colorful rhododendron blooming in the spring season.

7. Annapurna Base Camp Trek

Annapurna base camp trek
Trekking to Annapurna Base Camp is a suitable option for those who have a short amount of time or less experience. Mount Annapurna (8091m) is the 10th highest mountain in the world.
Annapurna Base Camp Trek is a very popular option for trekkers, particularly because of its relatively low-level base camp. Treks starts from the foothills of Nayapul ridge which is near Pokhara. The trail winds through terraced land, beautiful rhododendron forest, the Gurung traditional community and cultural villages. Some of the villages that you will visit along the way include: Tikhedhunga, Ghorepani, Tadapani, Chhomrung, Deurali and lastly onto Annapurna Base Camp. The trail that follows Ghorepani-Poonhill offers amazing views of the sunrise. In the village of Jhinundada, there is natural hot spring water where you can cleanse yourself physically and spiritually. These natural hot springs with bathing areas are in the heart of the mountains. While trekking you can see the scenic view of Annapurna (8091m), Hiunchuli (6441m), Gangapurna (7455m), and Machhapuchhre(6993). Visiting the Trekkers Information Management System (TIMS) for a conservation permit is essential for trekkers in this area.

8. Gokyo Chola Pass Trek

Gokyo Chola pass trek
Gokyo Lakes are oligotrophic lakes in the Khumbu region of the Himalayas. Permits are issued from the These lakes are the world’s highest freshwater lake system comprising six main lakes. Chola pass (5420m/17782ft) is one of the most popular trekking routes in the Khumbu Region which covers not only Everest Base Camp but also Gorakshep, Kalapathar and Gokyo Lake. The focus of the trip is to interact with several Sherpa villages—allowing visitors to immerse in their everyday life activities. This trip also includes a grand view of the highest peak in the world: Mount Everest. Chola Pass trekking provides magnificent panoramas of mountains and lakes, direct interaction with Sherpa culture and hospitality, and an intimate view of the endless forests of birch and pine. The trail also gives access to several trekking peaks for avid mountaineers.

Chola Pass is considered strenuous trekking and takes 21 days to complete. Although Chola Pass is considered a 4 season trek, the best seasons are Fall (September to November) and Spring (March to May). An Everest National Park permit and visiting the TIMS (Trekkers Information Management System) are required to enter this trekking area.

9. Langtang Helambu Trek
Langtang helambu trekking
The Langtang Trekking Region is the third most popular trekking destination in Nepal (the other two being Everest and Annapurna), another region rich in natural and cultural diversity. The nearest trekking region from Kathmandu Valley, Langtang abounds in trekking routes, some leading to Helambu, and some to Gosaikunda.  Langtang-Helambu-Gosaikunda Trek, as the title suggests, is the combination of all of them. Langtang lies in the central region of Nepal spreading to the Kathmandu, Rasuwa and Sindhupalchok districts.
The Langtang-Gosaikunda-Helamu trek begins after an 8-hour drive from Kathmandu to Syabrubesi via Nuwakot. Syabrubesi, the starting point of this trek, is a beautiful and unique village that lies in the bank of the Bhote Koshi River. While trekking to the Gosaikunda from this village, we will pass through the oak, rhododendron and bamboo forests. Traveling through Langtang (3,430m/11,253ft), we will reach the Langtang Valley and the friendly Sherpa village of Kyanjing Gompa (3,870m/12,697ft) where trekkers will experience the spiritual lifestyle of dedicated Buddhist monks performing their rituals in a monastery, as well as cherishing the panoramic view of Langtang Lirung, Langtang range, Kinshung and Yansa Tsenji.

10. Dhaulagiri Circuit Trek

Dhaulagiri (8,167m), located in western Nepal, is the seventh highest peak in the world. The Dhaulagiri Circuit trek explores wild and remote regions of the Himalaya and is appropriate only for trekkers with mountaineering experience including experience on high passes and challenging terrain.

The treks begin with a 10-hour drive from Kathmandu to the village of Dharbang. After beginning the trek from Dharbang, you will enjoy excellent views of Dhaulagiri I, II, III, IV, and V as you proceed over several high passes and then descend to the village of Marpha. Trekking in Dhaulagiri offers some of the most spectacular mountain views of several 7000 meter peaks. The trek passes through several remote and small villages including Gurung, Chhetri, and Magar and provides a unique opportunity to observe culture and lifestyle that has remained largely unchanged for centuries.
The Dhaulagiri Circuit is a great option for those with the requisite experience and for those wanting to get off the beaten path. An experienced guide and porters will accompany you along the way.

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Top 10 Trekking Peaks in Nepal

Nepal is one of the world’s gems for mountaineering adventure activities. Among the more than thirteen thousand peaks above 6000 meters, 602 peaks are open for mountaineering by the Government of Nepal and Department of Tourism. Of these, 414 peaks have had open routes climbed by climbers of different nationalities and at different times and 188 remain unclimbed, “virgin” peaks ready for exploration.

In 2013, the Government of Nepal announced a “free permit” policy for peaks below 5800. Due to the shear volume of peaks in Nepal, the Government of Nepal generally classifies the 6000-meter peaks as “trekking peaks” some of which may require some technical skills (which we describe below). These mountains require trekking permits, whereas the higher and more technical mountains considered “mountaineering” mountains require mountaineering permits. Although Nepal has so many 6000 meter peaks classified as easy, moderate or challenging (creating a suitable climbing experience for adventure seekers), we still require that climbers have previous experience in rock / ice climbing techniques and know how to use an ice axe and crampons, and how to ascend and descend on fixed lines.

Of the 6000 meter peaks open for climbing, Satori Adventures and Expeditions considers the 10 trekking peaks described below as a “top 10” peak based on interest by climbers, number of climbers, and how well known and popular they are among operators and climbers alike. Permits for these peaks are issued by the Nepal Mountaineering Association (“NMA”).

1. Island Peak (6,165m / 20,226ft) Island-Peak-ClimbingIsland Peak is one of easiest 6000 meter mountaineering adventures in Nepal. The first Island Peak climbing expedition was organized in 1953 by a British team including Tenzing Norgay. It offers one of the most impressive views of the Khumbu region as well as Mt Everest itself. The classic trek to Everest Base Camp (“EBC”) is an attractive add-on to the Island Peak adventure.

The climb follows a steep but simple snowfield with an easy ridge summit. It is a very satisfying peak to climb because it has extraordinary scenery from its summit, it requires teamwork to cross the glacier as well as fixed ropes close to the summit, and it is a pleasant alpine-style climb with a classic rock scramble and relatively short acclimation period. This makes it a suitable option for a fit family, group of friends or even for corporate team building. There is no need to establish a permanent base camp and the terrain is not considered technically challenging, making it a very popular choice for an introductory commercial climb.

2. Mera Peak (6,476m / 21,247ft)

Mera-Peak-ClimbingThe enchanting Mera Peak is also one of Nepal’s easier and quieter mountains and also its tallest trekking peak. It begins with the classic and spectacular mountain flight to Lukla. Following that is an 11-day trek through the stunning Hinku Valley to Mera’s Base Camp. Although a strenuous trek, it is not technically difficult making it an ideal beginner climb. The trek to base camp is sufficient to prepare you for the summit and it is not necessary to establish a permanent base camp facility for an extended period of time.

The climbing history of Mera peak is closely connected with the big names of early Himalayan explorers such as Sir Edmund Hillary, Eric Shipton and George Lowe who formed part of a British expedition that explored the area in the early 1950s. The first ascent was achieved on May 20, 1953 by Col. Jimmy Roberts and Sen Tenzing.

3. Lobuche East (6,119m / 20,062ft)

Lobuche-Peak-ClimbingLobuche East  is an exceptional pick for a first Himalayan 6000 meter peak climb with stunning summit views and fantastic views of Lhotse Face, Everest, Pumori, Ama Dablam and many other 6000-meter along the way through the Khumbu Valley. Lobuche East lies close to the Khumbu Glacier and has two main peaks, Lobuche Far East and Lobuche East. The massive Lobuche East peak is located at a latitude of  27°58’08”N and 86°47’05” E with a somewhat secluded peak for greater privacy. In addition, the cost of a permit is very reasonable.

The standard route to Lobuche East is up the South East Ridge. It gained popularity after Laurice Nielson and Ang Gyalzen Sherpa successfully reached the summit from this route on 25 April 1984 around 13:00 pm. The South and Southeast Ridges form a distinctive rock triangle which extends from the summit to the Khumbu Glacier. Lateral moraines with stone memorials make the ridges easily identifiable. This is one of our classic tea house treks with camping arrangements at base camp and high camps. Your adventure begins right after you depart Kathmandu for the historic village of Lukla. The trek to Lobuche peak will take you through Namche Bazaar, Tengboche,  Dengboche and Lobuche Village itself. EBC and the nearby Kalapather will provide excellent acclimation opportunities before attempting the summit.

4. Pisang (6091m / 19,970ft)

Pisang-PeakAmong the 414 peaks open for mountaineering in the Himalayas, Pisang Peak is one of the most popular 6000 meter trekking peaks and is also one of the most massive rock and ice climbing peaks in the Annapurna region. The western flank of the mountain is guarded by a hanging glacier and offers considerable challenge appropriate for more experienced climbers and has been graded at Peu Difficile.

Satori can operate this expedition to the Southwest Face. Tea house accommodations are available along the trek to base camp where accommodations at base camp and higher camps are camping. Like most mountains in the region, the best season for climbing Pisang is Spring (April, May) and autumn (September, October, November). However, there is at times very little snow in the autumn season making it difficult to obtain water.

5. Chulu East (6584m / 21,601ft)

Chulu-Far-EastChulu East is located just north of the Annapurna massif at 28°44’09”N / and 84°02’10” E. With its stunning setting, technical aspects, spectacular 900 meter climbing route and short access to the peak, it makes this climbing objective second to none in Nepal. Chulu East is part of the Chulurange which consists of Chulu West (6429m), Chulu Far East (6029m) and Chulu West (6584m). Chulu East provides breathtaking views of Annapurna (I II, III and IV), Gangapurna, Glacier Dome, Dhaulagiri, Tilicho Peak and Mt. Manaslu.

Chulu Far East was first ascended in 1955 by a German expedition via the Northeast Ridge, which remains the standard climbing route. Chulu East was first ascended in the spring of 1979 by Dick Isherwood and John Noble also via the Northeast Ridge. It forms an integral part of Manang Himal joining both the Chulu East and Chulu West peaks. We will attempt the summit from high camp (5400m) located just below Chulu Far East (6059m). High camp (also referred to as C1) is located 3.7 km North from Base Camp and the average slope between the two is 22° with an elevation gain of 900m. We take at least one day for acclimation at C1 and more if the client needs it. The summit route is 4.5km from C1 and requires advanced glacier and navigation skills to successfully reach the bottom of the summit ridge. The steepest part of the entire climb is here where climbers encounter a slope of 45° for 450m. Once on the ridge the average slope is below 30° with a distance of 2 km and 600 m of elevation gain. The summit day is extremely long and strenuous, where climbers travel from C1 to the summit and return to Base Camp for a distance of 12 km, an elevation gain of 1400 meter and elevation loss of 1400.

6. Boktoh (6,114m / 20,060ft.)

Bokta-peak-climbingBoktoh is located in one of the more remote areas of the Kanchenjungha South Base Camp. Boktoh became famous in the spring of 1991 when a Slovenian expedition team climbed it as an acclimation peak before attempting Kanchenjunga from its South East Ridge. The trekking trail to Kanchenjunga South Base Camp is one of the most spectacular trails that Nepal has to offer and is a perfect choice for mountaineers seeking a challenging 6000 meter peak provided they have previous 6000 meter climbing experience and experience with high passes. The summit offers beautiful views of Mt Kanchenjunga (8586m/28,169ft), Kumbhakarna (7710m/25,595ft) Dhormo Peak (6850m/22,473ft).

The Boktoh route was opened to trekkers in 1988, although people have trekked the area since the turn of the century. Still, Boktoh is rarely climbed and permits have only been issued by the NMA since 2002 (prior to that time, permits were issued by the Department of Tourism). The semi-technical nature of Boktoh (also known as Bokta to the locals) is deceivingly complex that calls for skills in route finding in addition to other mountaineering peaks. The Boktoh trekking route is shared with the approach to the wild Mt. Kanchenjunga. Continuing on the caravan trail past Bokta Peak brings climbers to Kanchenjunga’s South Base Camp.

The Kanchenjunga region is quite special; its remoteness means there are fewer trekkers.

7. Naya Kanga (5844m / 19,160ft)

Naya-Kanga-Peak-ClimbingNaya Kanga, which lies in the Langtang region, is accessible to a wide range of climbers; it is beautiful and straightforward – yet also challenging, making it an interesting and appropriate choice for an introductory climb, particularly for those short on time and money.

Climbers may wish to include Yala Peak into the Naya Kanga itinerary which we recommend as part of the acclimation schedule (Yala is free of permit fees). The normal climbing route on Naya Kanga is via the Northeast Ridge, which follows Kyangjin Gumba (3830m) through the Naya Kanga Base Camp (4300m) and Naya Kanga High Camp (4950m). Beyond high camp is 2.4 km of a snow and ice ridge route with 900 meters of elevation gain and a slope ranging from 25 to 55 degrees. Off the slope and onto the ridge, terrain is at 45 degrees, but those who summit are rewarded with spectacular views of peaks such as Lantang Lirung (7246 m), Lenpo Gang (7083 m), Dorje Lakpa (6990 m) and Shishapangma (8027 m).

8. Saribung (6328m / 20,761ft)Saribung-peakClimbingSaribung is a newly popular expedition in mid Western Nepal and lies Northeast from Lo-Manthang near the Nepal / Tibet border. This expedition will provide you with a great opportunity to explore the unique Tibetan plateau of the Himalaya and the villages behind the Lo-Mangtang Mountain. It is challenging with demanding passes, although is an easier choice for those who already have experience summiting other 6000 meter peaks.

The Saribung (and Upper Mustang) trekking route was only discovered in 2006. Although the Government of Nepal has opened the area for commercial trekking it is considered restricted on which visitors may only remain a short period of time. Saribung is situated in an isolated part of the Mustang region known as Damodar Himal. The caravan route begins with a 6-hour drive from Kathmandu to Pokhara, and a short flight from Pokhara to the Annapurna village of Jomsom. The trail goes up to Lo-Manthang via Kagbeni, Chele and Charang. After you explore around the Lo-manthang and Luri cave monastery you will visit a region that offers great scenery, culture, monasteries and geographical variations. The approach to Saribung Peak has a few high passes between the Lomangthang and Damodar Kunda.

9. Chulu West (6419 m/ 21,060ft.)

Chulu West is situated above the Manang Valley with breathtaking views across to Annapurna II, III and IV, Gangapurna, Glacier Dome, Dhaulagiri, Tilicho Peak and Manaslu. If Chulu Far East is the Island Peak of the Annapurnas, then Chulu West is the Mera Peak of the Annapurnas; it is a little more remote and has no real technical difficulty. The caravan route to Chulu West takes you through the classic trek around the Annapurna Massif, ascending the Marshyangdi Valley and crossing the Thorong La, before descending the Kali Gandaki Valley to Pokhara. It begins with a drive from Kathmandu to Beshisahar (790m / 2,591ft), then trekking begins to Kart (1800m / 5905ft), Tinmang (2350m / 7,709ft), Chame (2700m / 8,858ft), Pisang (3200m / 10,498ft), Manang (3400m / 11,154ft), Ledar (4230m / 13,877ft), and Chulu West Peak Base Camp (4000m / 13,123ft). Above Base Camp there is steep, loose rock requiring fixed rope but otherwise the route is primarily a snow climb.

10. Kusum Kanguru (6367m / 20,883ft)

Kusum-Kangaru-Peak-ClimbingKusum Kanguru, an impressive rock and ice peak which lies in the Khumbu Valley and forms the border between Dudhkosi in the South and Hinku Valley to the North, is a very technical and challenging peak from all possible routes along the Southeast and North ridges. “Kusum Kanguru” refers to “The Three Snow-White Gods” in the Sherpa language.

The caravan route to Kusum Kanguru begins with a scenic flight from Kathmandu to Lukla (2800m / 9186ft), a trek to Chutenga (3350m / 10,990ft), and over the Zatrela Pass to Chatrarbu (4340m / 14,238ft). From here the trek continues to Kothe (3700m / 12,139ft), Yak kharka (4100m / 13,451ft) and onto Kusum Khangaru Base Camp (4780m / 15,682ft). The peak offers a panoramic view of the Himalayas with views of Mt Everest (8848m / 29,028ft), Cho-Oyu (8201m / 26,906ft), Lhotse (8516m / 27,939ft), Makalu (8463m / 27,765ft), Nuptse (7855m / 25,771ft), Thamserku (6623m / 21,729ft), Ama Dablam (6812m / 22,348ft) and Kwongde (6011m / 19,721ft).

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Khumbu Icefall on Everest

The Khumbu Icefall, which lies a short distance from Everest Base Camp and ranges from 5200 meters (17,060ft) to 5800 meters (29029ft), is an ever-changing and fast-moving river of ice that continues to challenge and inspire mountaineers from all over the world. The icefall is situated at the lower end of the Western Cwm, the start of the Khumbu Glacier, one of the highest and largest glaciers in Nepal running approximately 15 km and beginning high on the Lhotse Face at around 7500 meters (24606ft).  This glacier moves with such speed that large crevasses open with little warning and large ice towers (called seracs) have been known to collapse suddenly causing blocks of ice the size of cars to houses to tumble down the glacier.

Satori-Everest-Base-Camp

George Mallory, while seeking a route to climb to the summit of Everest is said to have sighted the Icefall in the early 1920s, describing it as “terribly steep and broken …” and concluding “all in all the approach to the mountain from Tibet is easier.“ Mallory thus shifted his efforts to Tibet as a better bet to reach the summit of the world’s tallest mountain.

Khumbu-Icefall-Trek

It wasn’t until 1950 when Charlie Houston and Bill Tilman led a British reconnaissance team to scout a possible route from Nepal that the Khumbu Icefall was considered feasible. In 1951, another British team lead by Eric Shipton climbed through the Icefall but was stopped just short of the top due to a wide crevasse. Early expeditions used ladders and, when they ran out, long tree trunks brought a long way from the tree line to cross crevasses. A Swiss team in 1952 overcame that obstacle by climbing into the crevasse and crossing a dangerous snow bridge to reach 8500 meters, but failed to summit. John Hunt’s 1953 British expedition used that same route to successfully make the first summit Everest.Climbers-Practicing-Khumbu-Icefall

According to the mountain research institute in the world, the combination of the effects of global warming and greater human activities due to continuing popularity of Everest, the Khumbu Glacier is melting and becoming more challenging for fixed line climbing. Estimations are that the glacier has thinned by 40-50’/12-15m over most of the length. The area of Everest Base Camp is down and down each day due to the ice melting. In 1953 when Tenzing Sherpa and Edmund Hillary attempted to summit Everest, Everest Base Camp’s height was estimated at 5320 meters. Today it measures at around 5200 meters. The Kathmandu Research Center has estimated that the glacier advances 1.2 meters down the mountain every year.Climbing-in-Khumbu-Icefall

For trekkers who plan to reach Everest Base Camp, the sequence and condition of the Khumbu Icefall is largely irrelevant; EBC trekkers will not trek any portion of the Icefall (though it can be observed). On the other hand, the Khumbu Icefall poses significant danger for Everest, Lhotse and Nuptse climbers. Most of the climbers try to cross the Khumbu icefall during the very early morning before sunrise when it is less susceptible to movement. As the oft-intense sunlight warms the area the chances of crevasses opening or blocks falling becomes much greater. Generally speaking, the most unsafe and challenging time to cross the Khumbu Icefall is generally mid- to late-afternoon. Strong, acclimatized climbers can ascend the Icefall in a few hours but for first time or less experienced climbers, the time may increase significantly.

Icefall-Climbing-in-Everest

To assist climbers, the “Sagarmath Pollution Control Committee” (SPCC) is authorized by the Government of Nepal and Department of Tourism to open routes by using ladders to cross crevasses in the Icefall and fix rope up to Camp II. Crevasses may generally range from 1 to 10 meters in width. But even extensive rope and ladder crossings cannot prevent loss of life and of course many climbers have lost their lives in this area. Exposed crevasses may be easy to avoid but others may be hidden under dangerous snow bridges through which unwary climbers can fall.

Given the continuing popularity of Everest, traffic on the mountain is thick and climbers may wait 30 minutes to an hour to cross fixed ladders. While waiting, climbers may hear or see large blocks of ice crashing down in their vicinity, creating additional risks for climbers. The resulting blast of displaced air and snow can result in a “dusting,” a very unnerving experience. If a climber is caught in an avalanche or other “movement” event in the Icefall, there is very little they can do except prepare for potential entrapment. It is virtually impossible to run away or even to know which way to run. There are more than 800 persons, including climbers, climbing Sherpa guides and Camp II staff ascending and descending between Advance Base Camp and Camp via the Khumbu Ice fall. This is a lot of people above the ice! It’s also what is thought to add to the effect of melting ice increasing the challenge in an area challenging and dangerous enough.

The months of April and May are the best months for mountaineering adventures in the Himalayas. Kalapather (5554 meters) provides a beautiful observation point of the Khumbu Icefall and a panoramic view of the Everest region at a height of 5,554.

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Top 10 Highest Mountains in the World

Top 10 highest Mountains in the World are located in Asia specially in in the Himalayan range. Interesting fact,  out of 10 highest peak above 8000 meters 8 lies in the Himalayas of Nepal.

Here is the list of top 10 highest mountains in the world with the height and located place.

1. Mt. Everest (29,029 ft/8,848 m.), Nepal

Mount EverestMount Everest is the highest mountain in the world. Mt Everest is located in Nepal standing on the Nepal-China border with the height of 8,848 meters (29,029 ft) above sea level. Everest is known as “Sagarmatha” in Nepal and “Chhomolongma” in Tibet. Although it is the tallest mountain and attracts many climbers of both advanced and limited climbing skill, it is one of the easier mountains to climb. Mt. Everest was first summated by Nepali Sherpa Tenzing Norgay and New Zealand climbers Mr. Edmond Hillary with a British expedition in 1953 from the South Col route. Climbing Mt Everest is the aim of many people in their life.

2. Mt. K2 (8,611 m /28,251 feet), Pakistan

Mount K2Mount K2 is the second highest mountain on Earth, after Mount Everest. Mt K2 lies in Pakistan in the Karakoram Range of the Himalayas. There are many peaks in Karakoram range, the second peak, K2 is the highest point of the Karakoram Range and the highest peak in Pakistan. K2 is known as the “Savage Mountain” due to the difficulty of ascent and the second-highest fatality rate among the “eight thousanders” for those who climb it. For every four people who have reached the summit, one has died trying. The first ascent of K2 was completed by an Italian expedition team which was led by Mr. Ardito Desiofinally. His team Mr. Lino Lacedelli and Mr. Achille Compagnoni successfully ascended to the summit of K2 (8611m/28,251ft) via the Abruzzi Spur climbing route on July 31, 1954.

3. Mt. Kangchenjunga (28,169 ft /8,586 m)

Mount Kangchenjunga is the third highest mountain in the world with the height of 8,586 m (28,169 ft).  It is located in Nepal standing on the Nepal-India border. Kangchenjunga is the highest peak in India, and also the name of the surrounding section of the Himalayas and means “The Five Treasures of Snows”, as it contains five peaks. The treasures represent the five repositories of God, which are gold, silver, gems, grain, and holy books. Kanchenjunga is the easternmost highest mountain on the earth. Mr. Joe Brown and George Band of British Expedition team on 25 May, 1955 climbed this peak for the first time.

4. Mt. Lhotse (27,940 ft/8,516 m), Nepal

Mount LhotseLhotse is the fourth highest mountain in the world. It is connected to Everest via the South Col. Lhotse means “South Peak” in Tibetan. In addition to the main summit at 8,516 metres (27,940 ft) above sea level, Lhotse Middle (East) is 8,414 metres (27,605 ft) and Lhotse Shar is 8,383 metres (27,503 ft). It is located at the border between Tibet (China) and the Khumbu region of Nepal. Mount Lhotse was first climbed in 18 May,1956  by Mr. Fritz Luchsinger and Ernst Reiss from Switzerland. Mt. Lhotse is becoming famous for its tremendous and dramatic South face. The South face raises 3.2 km and is 2.25 km wide making it the steepest face of this size in the world. Lhotse is is registered as one of the most extremely difficult climbs and is rarely attempted.

5. Mt. Makalu (27,825 ft/8,481 m), Nepal

Mount MakaluMount Makalu is the fifth highest mountain in the world with the height of 8,481 metres (27,825 ft). It is located 19 km (12 mi) southeast of Mount Everest, on the border between Nepal and China. Mt Makalu was first climbed by an American team led by William Siri in the spring of 1954. The South East Ridge and the Northwest Ridgeare the main climbing routes on Mt. Makalu. It is located at the co-ordinates of 27°53’21” N and 87°05’27” E in the eastern part of Nepal.

6. Mt. Cho Oyu (26,906 ft/8,201 m.)

Mount Cho OyuMount Cho Oyu is the sixth highest mountain in the world. It is located in Nepal-China border in Nepal. Cho Oyu means “Turquoise Goddess” in Tibetan. The mountain is the westernmost major peak of the Khumbu sub-section of the Mahalangur Himalaya 20 km west of Mount Everest. Cho Oyu is known as being one of the easiest of the 8,000 meter peaks due to its straight forward approach and lack of objective dangers. Mount Cho-Oyu was first climbed on on October 19, 1954 by Australian Joseph Joechler, Herbert Tichy (Italy), Pasang Dawa Lama (Nepal).

7. Mt Dhaulagiri (26,795 ft/8,167 m.), Nepal

Mount DhaulagiriMount Dhaulagiri is the seventh highest mountain in the world with the height of 26,795 feet /8,167 meters. It is located just north of central Nepal. The name Dhaulagiri comes from the Sanskrit word where Dhawala means “Dazzling, White Beautiful” and Giri means “Mountain”. The normal climbing route for Dhaulagiri is the Northeast ridge. The exact coordinates are: 28°41’48”N, Latitude and 83°29’42”E Longitude. Dhaulagiri was first summated by an Austrian, Swiss and Nepali expedition on May 13, 1960.

8. Mt. Manaslu (26,763ft/8,163m), Nepal

Mount ManasluMount Manaslu is the eighth highest mountain in the world. It is located in the Mansiri Himal in the west-central part of Nepal. Its name, which means “Mountain of the Spirit”, comes from the Sanskrit word Manasa, meaning “intellect” or “soul”. Manaslu was first climbed on May 9, 1956 by Toshio Imanishi and Gyalzen Norbu, members of a Japanese expedition.  It is usually a first choice for adventures climbers looking to climb an 8000m peak. The exact coordinates are: Latitude 28°33’01”N, Longitude 84°33’42”E.

9. Nanga Parbat (26,660 ft/8,126m.) , Pakistan

Nanga Parbat, the ninth highest mountain in the world lies in Pakistan. Nanga Parbat well with the height of 26,660 feet (8,126 meters) was known as “Killer Mountain” till the first half of the twentieth century.  Now however, it is less dangerous to climb, but still very difficult. This mountain is an immense and dramatic peak that rises above its surrounding area in Pakistan. It is located on southern side of Indus River in Gilgit Baltistan, Pakistan.  Hermann Bahl from Australia was the first one to ever climb Nanga Parbat in 1953.

10. Mt. Annapurna (26,545 ft /8,091 m.) , Nepal

Mount AnnapurnaMount Annapurna is the tenth highest mountain in the world. Annapurna is a series of peaks, the highest of which is called Annapurna I, with the height of 26,545 ft /8,091 m. The peaks in the Annapurna range are some of the world’s most dangerous to climb. In fact, they have a fatality rate of about forty percent. The peaks exact location can be found at the coordinates of 28°35’45”N83°49’20”E. The Annapurna massif contains six major peaks, Annapurna I (8091m/26,545ft) Annapurna II(7937m/26,040ft) Annapurna III(7555m/24,786ft) Annapurna IV (7525m/24,688ft)  Gangapurna (7455m/24,457ft) Annapurna South (7219m/23,684ft). Maurice Herzog & Louis Lachenal climbed for the first time in June 3, 1950.

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Congratulations to the Mt Everest Summiteers 2017

Satori Adventures is proud to announce the huge success of Mount Everest climbing in 2017 spring. The managing director of the company expressed heartfelt congratulation to the climbing Sherpa guides and members who reached top of the world (Everest summit). “Special thanks for our Sirdar Mr. Mingma Tenji Sherpa who worked really hard and managed to be converted into this result. After two nights over star at south col and hard work in the high mountains”, Bhandari added.

Satori Everest Expedition team members climbed successfully the world’s highest mountain peak for 2017 on 20 May 2017 between 06:45-07:15 am. Nine foreign climbers successfully stood atop the mountain with their support staff climbed this season.

Dhankude Kishor Dattatraya
Dhankude Kishor Dattatraya on the Everest Summit

Foreign climbers stood on the top are  Sealey Samuel Peter, Chiesa Davide  from Australia and Lobina Angelo from Italy, Japanese mountaineers Taro Yamagata and Indian climbers Dhankude Kishor Dattatraya and Brij Mohan Sharma among others scaled the mountain. The climbing Sherpa who reached at the top are Phurba Gyalje Sherpa, Lakpa Tasi Sherpa, Dawa Temba Sherpa, Pemba Tashi Sherpa, Ngima Sherpa and Nima Sherpa.

Satori Adventures Pvt Ltd is the pioneer name in the field of mountain expeditions over 8000 meters. The management team, field staffs and climbing Sherpa’s group work made the success happen.

Congratulations once again for the successful Everest climbing

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Helicopter Tour in Nepal – Best Option to Enjoy Mountain Views

Helicopter tour in Nepal offers a lifetime opportunity to explore the high Himalayas in aerial view. The mountain views from just above the high himalayas, jungles, rivers, villages and high hills are awesome. The rare opportunity is just possible by a helicopter ride.

Popular helicopter city sightseeing in Nepal are Kathmandu Helicopter Tour and Pokhara Helicopter Sightseeing whereas Helicopter Charter Flights in Mountain are Everest helicopter ride, Annapurna Base Camp Heli ride.

Helicopter ride in the luxury way from Kathmandu airport to the mountain and return back to Kathmandu within a few hours is possible only in chopper ride. The charter basis flights are interesting and give a delightful opportunity to the people. Soar like a bird above the clouds, high mountains enjoy the vista of a beautiful mountain range just in front is un-measurable. (more…)

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Key Aspects on Ama Dablam Expedition-A Popular Mountain Expedition Nepal

Nepal, the Himalayan country gives many possibilities related to adventurous tourism to individuals not only in the field of trekking, but also to experience mountaineering expeditions. Reason for this is that the great Himalayan range of Nepal acts as a home to eight out of total 15 mountain peaks of the world of height more than 8000meters and more than 1300s of snow peaks of height exceeding 6, 00 meters.

In this way, tourists opt to visit the country will get plenty of opportunities related to Mountain Expedition Nepal and mountain trekking activities. Whether you simply have interest to climb a peak or experience an expedition on huge 7,000 to 8,000 meters peak, you will find climbing of Himalayan peaks as a dream for large numbers of adventure lovers and mountaineering professionals across the world. (more…)

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Ama Dablam Expedition Spring 2017 Team Ready for Departure

Satori Adventures spring 2017 Ama Dablam expedition team is almost ready for the departure for climbing from Kathmandu. All the paper works, logistic arrangements and support team assignment has been completed said Managing director of the company Mr. Rishi Ram Bhandari.

This season, the beautiful mountain Ama Dablam is lead by Thai climber Twinprai Montana along with other five climbing members. The climbing group contains 1 Thai, 1 Canadian, 1 British, 1 Deutsch and 1 Belgian citizen.

Satori professional climbing Sherpa is supporting this expedition team under the lead by Surdar Mingma Tenzee Sherpa with other 6 Sherpa climbing guides, 2 cook, and porters. (more…)

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