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Everest Expedition North (8,848M/29029ft.)

Mt. Everest (North Face), is the tallest mountain in the world (29,029 feet/8,848 meters) and an incredible challenge and experience. Satori Adventures offers a full service expedition of this world renowned peak with a medium number of climbers and a 1:1 climbing Sherpa/guide to each climber. We are committed to providing the highest level of support with strong and experienced climbing guides and Sherpa support and the best high end gear.

The first attempt of Everest from the north side was by a British team in 1921. George Mallory led a small team to be the first human to set foot on the mountains flanks by climbing up to the North Col 7,003 meters (22,975 feet). The second expedition, in 1922 reached 8,321 meters (27,300 feet) before turning back. This was also the first team to use supplemental oxygen. The 1924 British expedition with George Mallory and Andrew “Sandy” Irvine is most notable for the mystery of whether they summated. If they did summit, that would precede Tenzing and Hilary by 29 years. Mallory’s body was found in 1999 along the north side route, but there was no proof that he died going up or coming down. A Chinese team made the first summit from Tibet on May 25, 1960. Nawang Gombu (Tibetan) and Chinese Chu Yin-Hau and Wang Fu-Zhou, who is said to have climbed the Second Step in his sock feet, claimed the honor. In 1975, on a successful summit expedition, the Chinese installed the ladder on the Second Step. Tibet was closed to foreigners from 1950 to 1980 preventing any further attempts until a Japanese team summited in 1980 via the Hornbein Couloir on the North Face. There have been 4,428 total summits of Mt. Everest up to 2014.

Satori Adventures always offers an incomparable level of competency, safety, and comfort in the Everest north (Tibet side) expeditions. In the mountaineering, small group size always allows us to adapt to changing conditions and weather far more easily than many commercial teams, which have become so large over the last five years that they have become difficult to manage. As per our previous experience there are only 2-3 summit windows allow by nature because of weather condition. Satori adventure always supply and provide fresh and nutritious food at base camp, provide request types of hygienic food above base camp. We always supply sufficient of Mask, regulator and bottle of Oxygen that add up to a far more enjoyable experience and successful climb. We follow itinerary is made possible by utilizing per-acclimatization in hypoxic tents. For Everest Expedition, the climbing Guides of our company are highly skilled, time to time reviewed and recognized by worldwide due to their training and experiences in this profession and paid up the high range of wages and fees. To these guides and climbers in our Everest Expedition we are going to put on a rope with. This is a serious climb with serious consequences should things go wrong. So, one of the most things we have to keep in mind while operating Mt. Everest Expedition is prevention. The route on the north side of Everest begins at the Chinese Base Camp (5,150 meters which is located at the Rongbuk Glacier. The Chinese Base Camp is accessible from Tingri by jeep.

Everest Northeast Route Camps:

Everest Base Camp: 5,150 meters(16,700 feet)

Located on a gravel area 8 kilometers above Rongbuk Monastery, this is the end of the road. All vehicle assisted evacuations start here and there are no helicopter evacuations possible in Tibet. Everest Base Camp is a term that is used to describe two base camps on opposite sides of Mount Everest. The North Base Camp is in Tibet at 5,150 meters (16,900 ft) latitude of 28°8′29″N and longitude of 86°51′5″E. These camps are rudimentary campsites that are used by mountain climbers during their ascent and descent. Climbers typically rest at base camp for several days for acclimatization to reduce the risks and severity of altitude sickness.

Intermediate Camp: 6,100 meters (20,300 feet)– 6-7 hours

The intermediate camp is used on the first trek to ABC during the acclimatization process. This is no more than a resting place for the night where a few tents are placed. This area can be lightly snow covered, or with no snow at all depending on the weather. Most climbers only stop here ascending to advance camp from base camp. When descending you can walk from ABC to BC in about 6 hours’ time and this camp will not be necessary.

Advanced Base Camp (ABC): 6,485 meters (21,276 feet)– 6 hours

Advanced Base Camp on the north side of Everest is one of the highest advance base camps in the world. This position makes it shorter and easier for climbers to reach camp I, II and III from advance base camp. Most teams will use ABC as their primary camp during the acclimatization period, but due to its altitude, some climbers may need to descend to the intermediate camp to acclimate. ABC may or may not be snow covered and offers stunning views of the North Col.

Camp I (North Col): 7,000 meters (23,000 feet)– 5- 6 hours

Camp I is located just above the East Rongbuk Glacier. Most climbers will use crampons upon reaching the glacier. Within an hour of starting the ascent on the glacier, climbers will begin to utilize a fixed line and cross ladders that are placed over deep crevasses. In some areas the use of an ascender on the fixed rope will be very helpful. Rappelling, or arm-wrapping techniques are used to descend the steeper areas of this section. Generally climbers will spend 4-5 nights at camp I during the expedition.

Camp II: 7,500 meters (24,750 feet) – 5 hours

The route to Camp II consists of a steep and snowy ridge that eventually turns to rock. High winds are sometimes a problem during this section making it especially cold. The wind and air pressure is usually higher on the north face side versus the south side. Some expeditions use Camp II as their highest camp for acclimatization purposes before beginning the summit push.

Camp III: 8,250 meters (27,390 feet)– 6 hours

Camp III is located along the steep area of the mountain that runs from 8,250-8,350 meters. There are a few small areas in this location to set up camp III and different expeditions will select different areas in the same general area. This area is steep, rocky and exposed and tents are perched on rock ledges and generally battered by the wind. Camp III on the north side is 350 meters higher than the South Col and much more exposed. Most teams use this high camp as the last rest spot before the summit bid.

Summit: 8,850 meters (29,029 feet) 9-13 hours.

From camp III to the summit is a really long and hard day. Climbers use a fixed rope through a snow filled gully, which is part of the Yellow Band. From the Yellow Band, the climbers change their oxygen cylinder and take a small ramp up to the northeast ridge. The route veers to the right of the high point and most climbers rate it as steep and challenging. From the Mushroom Rock, located at 8,600 meters, the route can be full of loose rock adding to the difficulty. The next part of the climb is the Second Step, which is the crux of the climb, as climbers use the Chinese Ladder. Climbers first ascend a 10 foot rock slab and then climb the near vertical 30 foot ladder. This section is very exposed with a 9,000 foot vertical drop. Generally it is more difficult to navigate on the decent since you cannot see your foot placement on the ladder rungs. Strong climbers take 9 to 10 hours to reach the summit and return to camp III, while more moderate and less experienced climbers take 11-13 hours. Most climbers use 3-4 bottles of oxygen during the summit push and another bottles between camp II and III.

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Facts of the Trip

Highest access: 8,848M/29,029ft.

First Ascent: May 29, 1953 Edmund Hillary & Tenzing Norgey Sherpa

Duration: 61 Days

Group Size: 02-10 People per group

Co-ordinates: 27°59'17'' N / 86°55'31'' E

Location: Nepal/Tibet border, 30km west of Everest

Country: Tibet, China

Airport: Kathmandu airport

Departure From: Kathmandu (KTM)

Grade: Challenging

Accommodation: five star hotel Yak and Yeti

Meals: B/B plan in Kathmandu & B, I, D during trekking and climbing

Transportation: Car, Jeep, Mini Bus

Best season: Spring season(April/May)

Major Activity: Climbing

Include Activity: Sights tour of Kathmandu, Nylam and Tingri

Culture: Tibeten and Sherpa

Mode of Travel: Long along the trail/Camping

Climbing route: Northeast Ridge

Himalayan sights: Lhotse, Makalu, Ama Dablam, Cho-Oyu

  • Itinerary Details
  • Full board Service
  • BC Service
  • Price
  • Climbing Info
  • FAQs
  • Fixed Departure

Itinerary Details of Everest Expedition North-Spring 2018

07 April /Day 01: Arrival in Kathmandu Airport and transfer to hotel (1350m)

08-11April/Day2-3: Free day, Rest and prepare day for assignment & briefing.

12 April /Day 04:Early in the morning Flight from Kathmandu to Lhasa (3650M) overnight at Lhasa in B/B plan.

13-14 April/Day5-6:Day at Lhasa for acclimatization before starting to Drive. Sightseeing around the Lhasa

15 April /Day 07: Drive from Lhasa to Shighatse(4800m) over night in Hotel.

16 April /Day 08: Drive from Shighatse to Chinese Base Camp (5200m) which takes about four hours drive.

17-18April/Day9-10: Rest and acclimatization in Chinese Base Camp (5200m). To prepare and arrange yaks to go to Advance base camp.

19 April/Day 11: Trek from Chinese Base Camp to Middle Camp (5700m) which takes about five hours. Overnight in Camp.

20 April /Day 12: Trek from Middle Camp to Advance Base Camp of Everest (6400m.)Prepare camp overnight in Camp

21-29May/Da13-53: Climbing Period (summit Period of Mt. Everest 8848m)

30May/Day54: Preparation to returning (Clean Base Camp) and trek to Chinese base camp (5200m)

31May/Day 55: Clean Chinese Base Camp then Drive from Chinese Base Camp to Segar(4800m) which takes about four hours.

01 June/Day 56: Drive from Seger to Lhasa overnight at Hotel accommodation.

02 June /Day 57: Early in the morning Fly from Lhasa to Kathmandu transfer to hotel.

03 June /Day 58: Leisure Day and shopping in Kathmandu and Nepalese cultural program with farewell dinner in the evening.

04 June /Day 59: Drop to Airport Final departure or alternative Join other activities

 

Full Board:

For full board clients we provide a personal tent and food, which will be prepared by their climbing Sherpa. We provide UHF/VHF hand held radios on the mountain to maintain communications between ABC and high camps.

We provide a personal climbing Sherpa guide to help the clients reach the summit. The secret of success on Everest is a strong and experienced climbing Sherpa. No matter how good and experienced the climber, it is a long slog. Personal climbing Sherpas will set up camp 1, camp 2 and camp 3. They will also carry food provisions, fuel and oxygen and will guide and assist the client on the summit day.

Full Board Service Cost (Includes):

  • All arrival and departure transfer services to and from International airport with Kerung boarder transport as per itinerary.
  • Satori Adventures representative assistance at the International airport both arriving and departing.
  • 5 Nights Yak and Yeti or similar hotel accommodations in Kathmandu on B/B basis.
  • Land transportation from Kathmandu-Kerung-Kathmandu for all climbing members, Sherpa, guides and kitchen staff as per itinerary.
  • Kitchen tent, sleeping tents, dining tents, toilet tents, tables, chairs, and cooking utensils at Base Camp and Advance Base Camp.
  • Common climbing equipment rope, ice bars, ice screws, ice hammer etc)
  • 3 meals a day (breakfast, lunch and dinner with tea/coffee) along with available Hotel/ Lodge/Guest Houses along the trail provided by China Tibet Mountaineering Association and tent camp accommodation during climbing members as per itinerary.
  • All food and fuel for Base Camp, Advance Base Camp and higher camps during expedition
  • Climbing members have 60-70 kg baggage allowance from Chinese Base Camp to Advance Base Camp and return carried by Yaks.
  • Daily Weather Report Services from Seattle, Washington, USA based weather service
  • Number of cook and kitchen staff at Base Camp and Advance Base Camp as per group size
  • Tibet Visa and road permit for members, climbing Sherpa, guides and kitchen crew.
  • Chinese Government Royalty for climbing Mount Everest from north face
  • Experienced, trained, Government Licensed, and 3 time Everest Submitter Expedition Guide/ (Sherpa) per members (1:1 ratio).
  • All wages, equipment, medical and accidental insurances for all involved staff in trekking and expedition.
  • Equipment allowances and wages for climbing Sherpa's, cooks, kitchen staff and Chinese Government Liaison Officer
  • First Aid medical kits for the group and the staff.
  • Satellite phone carried by Guide for communication and available for members with the cost of U.S. $4 per minute call.
  • Appropriate food for high altitude and all climbing crew at base camp, advance base camp and above as required.
  • Fixed and dynamic rope during climbing period.
  • Heater will be provided at base camp for heating at the dining room.
  • Emergency Oxygen mask and regulator provided with appropriate charge.
  • Each expedition member will have an individual tent available in the ABC and CBC.
  • Solar panel for light and battery charger.
  • All tents for camp 1, 2 and 3. All charges for staff and high altitude climbing Sherpa guide.
  • Gamow Bags (Portable Hyperbaric Chamber) in case of emergency.
  • 7 Bottles (28L) of Poisk Oxygen will be provided for each member
  • Latest model of Summit/Top out system/ mask and regulators
  • Sherpa's tents, food for climbing, and medical and travel insurance
  • Free assistance service for cargo clearance and duties.
  • Fresh cooked food and kitchen will be set up at base camp and advance base camp.
  • EPI cooking gas, stove will be provided in camp I, II and III for cooking food and boiling water.
  • Generator will be provided for back-up lighting and power.
  • Transportation of food supply to Advance Base Camp from Kathmandu
  • Our service charge and Government Taxes levied in Nepal and Tibet.
  • Complete Pre-departure information, flight ticket reconfirmation (If require by members)
  • Farewell Dinner in a typical Nepali restaurant with domestic culture show in Kathmandu.
  • Satori Adventures gifts

Full board service Cost (Exclude):

  • Lunch and Dinner during your stay in Kathmandu (except farewell dinner)
  • Any packed food/snacks, aerated drinks, energy drinks, mineral water, alcohol, cigarettes, chocolates, nutria-bars
  • Any extra services or products or offers or activities which are not mentioned in the itinerary
  • Any extra expenses arising out of various/unforeseen situations like natural calamities, landslides, political disturbances, strikes, changes in Government regulations,
  • Any additional staff other than specified.
  • Rescue, repatriation, medicines, medical tests and hospitalization expenses.
  • Medical insurance and emergency rescue evacuation if required.
  • Travel insurance and helicopter rescue.
  • Summit bonus for climbing Sherpa guides as per Mountaineering Association rules. Minimum $1500.00USD per climbing Sherpa guide
  • Airfare of international flights.
  • Items of personal nature, laundry expenses, tips
  • Expenses incurred towards usage of landlines, mobiles, Walkies -talkies or satellite phones And Internet expenses.
  • Clothing, packing items or bags, personal medical kit, personal trekking gear
  • Nepal entry visa fee (Visa issuance is easy at the arrival)
  • Wake talkies & Filming permit.
  • Summit bonus for personal climbing Sherpa/guide.
  • Personal climbing gear
  • Nepal custom duty for import of expedition goods
  • Any other item not included in “THE PACKAGE COST INCLUDES” SECTION
  • Tips, gifts, souvenirs.

In Base Camp

Satori Adventures provides very professional, helpful and friendly service from Kathmandu to the ABC as well as during the climb. Our objective is to provide a good quality, helpful, safe, friendly, stress free and comprehensive service to maximize summit opportunity.

In the Base camp our cooks and helpers will prepare and serve three delicious freshly cooked and plentiful meals a day and will ensure that hot and cold drinks are available 24 hrs a day. In the Base Camp we provide spacious expedition quality personal tents for all our clients both with full board or base-camp service only.In base camp we also provide dining tent, kitchen tent, toilet facilities and portable shower facilities and tent accommodation for our staff.

In base camp we provide access to communication including satellite telephone and internet access, solar panels to charge your batteries and UHF/VHF hand held radios on the mountain to maintain communications between ABC and high camps.

Our camp manager as well as guides and climbing Sherpa’s have an extensive experience on multiple Everest climbs. They will ensure cooperation with other companies and Base Camp organization. In base camp our guides will work with other teams to ensure contribution from all operators for tasks such as route fixing and to ensure the safety of climbers from ABC to the summit.

Base Camp Service Cost Includes

  • All arrival and departure transfer services to and from International airport with Kerung boarder transport as per itinerary.
  • Satori Adventures representative assistance you at the International airport both arriving and departing.
  • 5 Nights Yak and yeti or similar hotel accommodations in Kathmandu on B/B basis.
  • Land transportation from Kathmandu-Kerung-Kathmandu sector to all climbing member, Sherpa guide and kitchen staff as per itinerary.
  • All kitchen tent, stores tent, dining tents, toilet tents, tables, chairs, and cooking utensils at Base Camp and Advance Base Camp.
  • Common climbing equipment (rope, ice bars, ice screws, Ice hammer etc) 
  • 3 meals a day (Breakfasts, Lunch and Dinners with tea/coffee)along with available Hotel/ Lodge/Guest Houses(along the trail provided by China Tibet mountaineering association)
  • Tents camp (camping) accommodation during climbing period for members and staff as per itinerary.
  • All food and fuel for Base Camp, Advance base camp and higher camps during expedition
  • Per climbing members have 50 kg baggage allowance from Chinese Base Camp to advance base camp and return carried by Yaks.
  • Daily Weather Report Services from Seattle based weather service
  • Number of cook and kitchen boy at Base Camp and advance base camp as per numbers of group size
  • Tibet Visa and road permit for member and kitchen crew.
  • Chinese Government Royalty to climbing Mount Everest from north face
  • All wages, equipment, medical and accidental Insurances for all involved staffs in trekking and climbing.
  • Equipment allowances and wages for cooks, kitchen boys and Chinese Government Liaison Officer
  • First Aid medical kits for the Group and the staffs.
  • Satellite phone carrying by Guide for communication and available for members with the cost of US$ 3 per minute call.
  • Appropriate food for high altitude and all climbing crew at base camp and advance base camp.
  • Heater will be provided at Advance base camp for heating at the dining room.
  • Emergency Oxygen mask and regulator provided with appropriate charge.
  • Each expedition member will have an individual tent available in the ABC and CBC.
  • Solar panel for light and battery charger.
  • Gamow Bags (Portable Hyperbaric Chamber) in case of emergency.
  • Free assistance service for Cargo clearance and Duties.
  • Fresh cooked food and kitchen will be set up at base camp and advance base camp.
  • Generator will be providing for back- up of lighting power.
  • Transportation of food supply to Advance Base Camp from Kathmandu
  • Our service charge and Government Taxes levied in Nepal and Tibet.
  • Complete pre-departure information, flight ticket reconfirmation (If require by members)
  • Farewell Dinner in a typical Nepali restaurant with domestic culture show in Kathmandu.
  • Satori Adventure surprise Gifts

Full board service Cost (Exclude):

  • Lunch and Dinner during your stay in Kathmandu (except farewell dinner)
  • Any packed food/snacks, aerated drinks, energy drinks, mineral water, alcohol, cigarettes, chocolates, nutria-bars
  • Items of personal nature, laundry expenses, tips
  • Expenses incurred towards usage of landlines, mobiles, walkies-talkies or satellite phones And Internet expenses
  • Clothing, packing Items or bags, personal medical kit, personal trekking gear
  • Any extra services or products or offers or activities which are not mentioned in the itinerary
  • Any extra expenses arising out of various/unforeseen situations like natural calamities, landslides, political disturbances, strikes, changes in Government regulations,
  • Any additional staff other than specified.
  • Rescue, repatriation, medicines, medical tests and hospitalization expenses.
  • Medical Insurance and emergency rescue evacuation if required.
  • Travel Insurance and helicopter rescue.
  • Airfare of international flights
  • Climbing Sherpa and High altitude food (if you require, you have to informed us 2 month before your entry in Tibet)
  • Tent above Advance Base Camp
  • Ice falls charges and garbage Deposit
  • Nepal entry visa fee (Visa issuance is easy at the arrival)
  • Wake talkies & Filming permit (only for special filming camera only).
  • Personal climbing gears;
  • Nepal custom duty for import of expedition goods;
  • Appropriate food for high altitude.
  • Satori services will be "Zero" above Advance Base Camp
  • Any other item not included in “THE PACKAGE COST INCLUDES” SECTION
  • Tips, gifts, souvenirs.

Satori Adventures has not able to include the cost of each package in the company website. Many of our clients have the same query: why Satori Adventures has not included the price in the package. To provide you service in reasonable cost and attempt to address your each requirement we desired to provide you with some information which directly affects the cost and also helps us breakdown the cost. That’s why, we have decided to clarify our customers that due to following reasons we have not included the cost in our website and package:

  • The cost of the trip always depends on the size of the group, category of the hotel accommodation and the facilities that you aspire in the mountain.
  • We operate the peak climbing in full arrangement package and basic arrangement service (full board or base camp service) which directly affects the expedition cost.
  • The itinerary may be changed after reaching an understanding between the agency and the client. Other activities could be added or reduced as per the client's request before processing the trip. Price for reduced activities could be deducted and additional activities could be added in mutual understanding.
  • The number of climbing Sherpa guides, high altitude porters, kitchen crew, mode of transport you prefer and many other factors can affect the cost of the trip.
  •  Number of persons in group including; number of climbers, non-climber, base camp supporters, medical doctors, Alpine climbing guide also affect the cost.
  • Either you want to operate this expedition as international group joining basics of Satori Adventures or individual (private arrangement) expedition.
  • Request numbers of oxygen, mask regulators and the brands the clients require
  • Climbing season: normally most of the climbers climb Himalayas in the spring and the autumn season. The climbing permit royalty cost for mountain will be 50% less in the autumn than spring season.
  • Type of high camp food that clients require. Any specialized food that has to be ordered from foreign country will be costlier compared to the one available here.
  •  Either any of the climbers intend to attempt any world records? If so, do they require special services or equipment?

Due to the above position the price range for the same trip can vary widely. So, we would like to discuss with our client before offering the cost. Please feel free to contact Satori Adventures for any information about in your selected package.

Why climb Mt. Everest with Satori Adventures?

Choose an experienced provider

It is important for each climber to choose the right expedition guide service that not only suites their needs, but provides the best safely and secure mountaineering experience possible. There are more than 1,700 trekking companies in Nepal who offer 8,000 meter expeditions including Everest, but only about 30 companies who operate 8,000 meter peaks on a regular basis.We are proud to be one of these 30 companies and consistently offer, run and succeed at these types of expeditions year after year.

It is very important that the climbers who choose Satori Adventures for this trip of a lifetime experience have expectations that are compatible with the program we offer and the style of expedition Satori Adventures runs. We do not want to simply “fill our expedition”, but instead we want to comprise a team of companionable people who are focused on reaching the summit with the highest level of support and safety standards that can be provided by a guiding service on Mt Everest. We team this with the best standards of food and quality equipment to further assist each client reach their full potential. We feel that we offer the best environment and opportunity for you to be successful on the world’s highest mountain.

Diminutive climbing team members

We are always striving to develop and grow our operational systems to ensure you get the best possible experience. Our expedition members do not deserve anything less than the best possible conditions and opportunity to be successful. We do this by limiting our team size, which makes us more flexible as a team and helps ensure the team has the best weather windows for a summit push. We also try to develop an atmosphere where members feel that they are climbing as a family with each guide Sherpa and team member working together and striving for a common goal.We generally accept a maximum of 8 climbers in a group and if we get more than 8, we will spit the team into two or more groups.

We provide maximum summit success

The Satori Adventures methodology and tactical approach to climbing Mt. Everest has seen us achieve the highest success rates. Our extensive experience gives us the edge when it comes to making tactical decisions.We provide a consistently higher Sherpa and Guide ratio than any other operator, resulting in more support and backup for your summit attempt, which provides a greater safety margin and chance of success. We always provide a 1:1 ratio of client to Sherpa/guide.

We provide highly qualified Team leader/Sindar

Many of our guides are professionally trained and assessed from the Nepal Mountaineering Association, the International Federation of Mountain Guides Associations (IFMGA), American Mountain Guides Association or other professional training association. This results in our guides have a greater repertoire of skills that enables them to provide a dedicated level of security to you during the expedition. Most of our guides also have been guiding in the Himalaya range for many years and have numerous 8,000 meter summits to their credit and at-least 3 years’ experience guiding on Mt. Everest

We provide the highest quality camp facilities and food

Satori Adventures provides the best possible camp facilities, food and service. Our expedition cooks are regarded as the best in the business, provide healthy and appetizing meals with an array of menus to suit all your nutrition requirements. Our cooks provide meals that are designed to sustain your body for the rigouts of the ascent. We also provide diverse choices to suite Vegetarian, Vegan, Indian, or any specified requests.; If you do have a special nutritional request, please let us know 60 days prior to the start of your expedition so we can plan accordingly.

Approaches to ABC

The approach on its Everest North face ridge Base camp is through the Kodari Boarder of Nepal leading up to Rongbuk Glassier. It starts with the drive from Kathmandu to Kodari Border After immigration formalities, drive to Naylam(3700M), to Tingri (4,300m) to Chinese Base Camp (5,150m). It takes typically 10days to reach ABC from Kathmandu.

April, 2018

Departure DateAvalabilityDurationCost/PersonJoin Group
April 8Guaranteed61 daysJoin Now

Highlight of Trip

  • Admire the extraordinary landscapes of the Himalaya
  • Gaze up at the soaring crags of Mount Everest from the storied North Face BC.
  • The largest Buddhist Symbolism and belief at ancient Buddhanath
  • Summit world's tallest peak without crowds and risk.
  • Unique culture, environment, and people of Tibet.
  • Professional team and best logistics.

Route Map:

76everest northeast ridge

History

The Great Trigonometric Survey of India, part of the British Survey of India which began in 1803, made distance measurements of many high Himalayan peaks in the 1850s including those in the Mount Everest region. The Survey established the first published height of Everest, then known as Peak XV, at 29,002 ft (8,840 m). In 1865, Everest was given its official English name.

The northern approach to the mountain was explored by George Mallory on the first expedition in 1921. With Mallory leading (and thus becoming the first European to set foot on Everest's flanks) they climbed the North Col (7,007m).
The British returned for a 1922 expedition. George Finch climbed using oxygen for the first time. He ascended at a remarkable speed of 290m/hour, and reached an altitude of 8,320m, the first time a human climbed higher than 8,000m.
On 8 June 1924 George Mallory and Andrew Irvine made an attempt on the summit via the North Col/North Ridge/Northeast Ridge route from which they never returned.The Swiss expedition of 1952, led by Edouard Wyss-Dunant, was granted permission to attempt a climb from Nepal. The expedition established a route through the Khumbu ice fall and ascended to the South Col at an elevation of 7,986m.

In 1953, a ninth British expedition, led by John Hunt, returned to Nepal. The first pair (Tom Bourdillon and Charles Evans) came within 100 m (300 feet) of the summit on 26 May 1953, but turned back after becoming exhausted.
Two days later, the expedition made its second and final assault on the summit with the New Zealander Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay, a Nepali sherpa climber. They reached the summit at 11:30 a.m. local time on 29 May 1953 via the South Col Route.

On 8 May 1978, Reinhold Messner (Italy) and Peter Habeler (Austria) made the first ascent without supplemental oxygen, using the southeast ridge route. On 20 August 1980, Messner reached the summit of the mountain solo for the first time, without supplementary oxygen or support, on the more difficult Northwest route via the North Col to the North Face and the Great Couloir. He climbed for three days entirely alone from his base camp at 6,500 metres

In 1980, a team from Poland led by Andrzej Zawada, Leszek Cichy, and Krzysztof Wielicki became the first to reach the summit during the winter season.

On 14 May 2005, pilot Didier Delsalle of France landed a Eurocopter AS 350 B3 helicopter on the summit of Mount Everest (without any witness) and took off after about four minutes. (His rotors were continually engaged, constituting a "hover landing", and avoiding the risks of relying on the snow to support the aircraft.) He thereby set rotorcraft world records, for highest of both landing (de facto) and take-off (formally). Delsalle had also performed, two days earlier, a take-off from the South Col; some press reports suggested that the report of the summit landing was a misunderstanding of a South Col landing.